An Analyses on the Community Empowerment within Prevention and their Preparedness to Face and Response any Disaster and Emergency in Gowa Regency (Case Study: Bili-Bili Rural, Bonto Marannnu District)

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Abd Hady J, Naharia Laubo

Abstract

As an archipelagic country, Indonesia is known as the master or market of disaster. The land of "a thousand disasters". Communities in various areas are in disaster-prone regions, so they are always in direct contact with threats, psychological and health disorders, multiple impacts and risks, and material and life losses. Empowerment is the key word to overcome the community's powerlessness, especially in preventing and preparing for disasters and responding to emergencies.


The research aims to analyse awareness, capacity building and empowerment in disaster prevention, preparedness, and disaster emergency response. The analysis is descriptive and qualitative, with a case study design, phenomenology, exploratory-explanative, analytic-comparative and evaluative. The research location is Bili-Bili Village, Bonto Marannu District, and Gowa Regency. The sample is 125 families with a purposive sampling technique. Data collection techniques: library research, documentation, observation, questionnaires, interviews and FGD. Qualitative data analysis.


Results and conclusions, community empowerment, is not optimal. There is a lack of awareness among community members in disaster-prone situations and conditions in their surrounding environment, a lack of participation and participation in socialisation activities, education, simulations, and a lack of self-awareness of the importance of prevention and preparedness to face disasters and emergency response. Second, capacity building, lack of self and group competence and capacity in disaster prevention and preparedness and disaster emergency response. Empowerment, lack of access to disaster information, assistance with infrastructure, facilities, and technological equipment for prevention and mitigation of disaster loss risk, evacuation preparedness and saving lives and property, handling risks of health and disease disorders, and policy and program support. Recommendations, the importance of optimising community empowerment in disaster prevention and preparedness and disaster emergency response.

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