Pcos an Emerging Problem in Teenagers: A Review

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Anchal Trehan, Dr. Sukriti singh, Dr. Ajay singh

Abstract

A polycystic ovarian syndrome is an ubiquitous and intricate reproductive  endocrinopathy illustrated by amenorrhea, multiple cysts in the ovary and hyperandrogenism. The first line of intervention for (PCOS)is lifestyle modification. From the age of 15 to 30 women face this disturbance, it accounts for 30% of infertility among 73% of women diagnosed with PCOS. The explicit etiology of this disorder is still unknown. Noticeably, PCOS patients who are overweight  have  abdominal  obesity  and  they  are  resistant  to insulin.  The  most  common approaches to meliorate the symptoms of PCOS are nutrition and weight management. Intake of macronutrients has a significant role in the PCOS diet, carbohydrates should be restricted and good quality protein intake should be added to the diet. Functional food like cinnamon has been used for supplementation for improving menstrual cyclicity. The exact medication is yet  not  found,  ayurvedic  kadha  is  made  from  some  herbs  and  spices  like  Cinnamon (Cinnamomum   verum),Ginger        (zingiber   officinale),     Fenugreek   (Trigonella   foenum- graecum),Shatavari  (  Asparagus racemosus)and Turmeric   (Curcuma longa  )aids in healing the PCOS symptoms. Lifestyle is another important element for the betterment of health in PCOS patients,  a sedentary  lifestyle  can worsen the condition,  and adapting  to an active lifestyle by doing physical activity like yoga, aerobics, and cardio for 45 min a day will add benefit to health.

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