The Production Process of Urban Space: An Actor-Network Theory Analysis on Sociology-Translation of Ciliwung River Banks Public Space

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Aji Noor Muhammad, Djoko M. Hartono, Emirhadi Suganda, Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo


The existence of spaces in various areas is needed, both private and public spaces, from built-up spaces to open spaces. Henri Lefebvre (1991: 375) in his book ‘The Production of Space’ introduces the idea that space is socially produced. Talking about social spaces, it is inseparable from the importance of the realization of public open spaces that are currently increasing in need as the number of private spaces is built so that public open spaces are increasingly difficult to find. This study intends to contribute to realizing urban space by providing an overview of the interaction model of various parties (actors) using Actor Network Theory (ANT) (Callon, 1986) in the realization of public open spaces. ANT focuses on tracing actors and networks to understand their interactions within the organization (Guy & Moore, 2005). This research data is collected from data located on the border of the Ciliwung River, Depok City, West Java, Indonesia. There are two objects of study that are used as material for case research studies, namely Komunitas Ciliwung Depok (Depok Ciliwung Community/KCD) and the Ciliwung River School (Sekolah Sungai Ciliwung / SSC). In each location there is a condition that is perceived as a problem by actors who are interested in the sustainability of the Ciliwung River and the surrounding environment. The more interactions that are carried out, the active actor will be able to influence / attract other actors to follow the opinion of the active actor. In the end, it can be seen that the space created on the Ciliwung riverbank by the Depok Ciliwung Community is able to survive and be active every day because it has a very large sense of belonging from many actors since its creation. Therefore, the success in realizing spaces in the Ciliwung River bank is influenced by 3 stages, namely (1) There is an interaction of environmental aspects followed by the attention of a key actor; (2) continued with the interaction process of social aspects that began to be built and formed and interacted with each other; (3) and after that the various agents / actors intensely interact with the intermediaries who have been formed to carry out their actions.

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