Estimation of the Association between Body Mass Index and Incidence of Early Childhood Caries in Pediatric Dental Patients - a Cross Sectional Study

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Dinesh kumar, Dr. Mebin George Mathew

Abstract

AIM: The aim of this study was to see if there is a connection between dental caries and BMIforage in preschool children, and if BMIforage is similar or different between children with severe early childhood caries (SECC) and children without caries.


MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research included 100 preschool children between the ages of 30 and 70 months. Weight, height, BMI for age, and the number of decayed, extracted, and filled surfaces of deciduous teeth were all examined in this study (defs). The participants were also split into two groups: those with SECC and those without caries. Following that, the data was analyzed using the t test, one way ANOVA, multiple regression, and logistic regression tests.


RESULTS: The mean and SD of defs index was 8.37 ± 11.2. In the underweight, normal‑weight, at risk of overweight and overweight groups, these values were 4.89 ± 10.8, 8.84 ± 11.8, 8.68 ± 10.6, and 10.39 ± 10.2, respectively. Multiple regression analysis revealed a statistically significant direct association between BMI‑for‑age and defs index (P = 0.001) after adjusting for gender and age. The percentage of subjects who were caries free and S‑ECC was 44.8% and 51.2%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that there was statistically a significant inverse association between BMI‑for‑age scores and the frequency of caries‑free (P = 0.001) and a significant direct association with S‑ECC children (P = 0.001).


Conclusions: The results of this study revealed a connection between higher defs scores and extreme early childhood caries, as well as overweightness.

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