To Study the Incidence of Dermatophytic Infections and Their Clinical Variants

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Nousheen, Dr. Ramnath K., Dr. K. Swarna latha, Dr. T. Srinivas

Abstract

Dermatophytosis is a group of superficial fungal infections of keratinized structures such as the skin's stratum corneum, nails, and hair caused by dermatophytes. Like most other fungal diseases, the Kingdom Fungi comprises a diverse range of species. These organisms are particularly well adapted to infect skin and appendages because they can feed on keratin. Even in highly immunocompromised patients, dermatophytes seldom infiltrate deep tissues or cause systemic infections. Because of the likeness of its effect on wool garments to the shape of fungal skin lesions, the name tinea comes from the Roman word for clothes moth.The present investigation was aimed to study the incidence of dermatophytic infections and their clinical variants.To select probable dermatophytosis patients, a random selected sample method was applied. The respondents were then chosen using a systematic random sampling process. Multiplex PCR with species-specific primers has been found to be a quick and accurate method for identifying dermatophytosis-causing strains from not only cultured colonies but also patient scales, and we expect it to be very useful in clinical practise.

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