Medical Practitioner Knowledge and Its Impact on Patient Hospitalization Rates

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Thomas Waddell

Abstract

The central purpose of this investigation was to determine how interventions by medical practitioners affect the quality of patient safety and drug therapy, with particular emphasis on elderly patients with drug-related hospitalization. From the previous literature, some of the adverse events that had been documented to cause drug-related mortality and morbidity among elderly patients include inappropriate prescribing, suboptimal dosages, and medication errors. Therefore, this study employed a randomized controlled trial to find out the degree to which clinical pharmacists’ interventions could prove informative relative to the reduction of morbidity. The target population constituted elderly patients aged 80 and above. From the findings, this study established that fewer hospital visits were reported in the intervention group. Also, the intervention proved cost-effective. There was also improved prescription appropriateness in this group. Hence, it was concluded that when clinical pharmacists intervene, some of the beneficial effects that accrue relative to health care service provision to elderly patients with drug-related hospitalization include improved patient drug therapy, increased patient safety, and enhanced collaboration.

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