The Prevalance Study of Leishmania Parasite Species in Kerbala Governorate

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Riyadh Hatim Haddawee, Yarub Modhar AL-Qazwini, Huda Dhaher Al-Marsomy, Hawraa Zuhair Hasan

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease caused by flagellated protozoans of the genus leishmania that belongs to set of Haemoflagellates and to the family of Trypanosomatidae. The leishmania parasite has two forms: promastigote and amastigote. This parasite causes three types of disease: cutaneous, visceral and mucocutaneousleishmaniasis.


Aim of study: To study the prevalence of Leishmania parasite in different areas of Karbala governoate in 2019.The research conducted in the five main hospitals in Holy Karbala governorate,which are Imam Al Hussein Medical Hospital, Children's Teaching Hospital, Al Hussainiyah General Hospital, Al Hindiya General Hospital and Ain Al Tamr General Hospital in period 1/1/2019 – 31/12/2019.


Through the data obtained, it is clear that the higher infection ratio is record in the rural areas such as AinAltamr, Al Hussienieh and Al Hindiya and the higher infection ratio was in January, February and December as matches with previous researches.

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