Infrastructural Accessibility and Health & Nutrition Status of Women in Odisha, India

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Santosh Kumar Pradhan, Damodar Jena, Subhasmita Jena, Sucheta Priyabadini

Abstract

Health and nutrition of women in general and tribal women in particular is a major concern today. It is a fact that health and nutrition are co-related to each other. In fact, “women’s health consist of emotional, social, cultural, spiritual and physical well-being, is determined by the social, political, cultural and economic context of women's lives. This definition recognizes the validity of women's life, her belief, experiences and perception of health. Every woman should be provided with the opportunity to achieve, sustain and maintain health, as defined by the woman herself, to her full potential” (Phillips, S. CMAJ 1995). Health care is predominantly related to improving socio-economic and cultural life style of every human. Both central and state government has been providing various need based health welfare programmes exclusively for last two decades. There are lot of challenges relating to access, on time services delivery and affordability of health care system that has played an important role towards implementation of the schemes effectively. In Odisha, “the Government makes consistent initiatives to reduce the prevailing regional disparities and gaps in the access to safe drinking water, public and private health care infrastructure, rural health care infrastructure, access to preventive and medical care, public hygiene, information system on health care and nutrition, skilled manpower etc. The outcome was quite visible between 2000 and 2017. Quality and adequate health care services lead to better learning ability, nutritional retention, capability enhancement and longitivity & standard of living and better sense of wellbeing of people. It helps in limiting family size, improving basic amenities and reducing poverty significantly”. The government of Odisha has demarcated three categories of “health indicators like outcomes (Infant Mortality Rate etc.), process (institutional delivery etc.) and input (infrastructure, public expenditure, National Health Mission etc.) to describe the progress of health sector in the State” (Economic Survey 2017-18, GoO).

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