Main Article Content
Microbial lipases are triacylglycerol acyl-hydrolases (E.C.188.8.131.52) that belong to a subclass of esterase that catalyzes both the hydrolysis and synthesis of long-chain acylglycerols. Microbial lipases are industrially important versatile enzymes and have gained their attention due to their stability, selectivity, and broad substrate specificity. Lipase can be achieved from potential sources such as bacteria, yeast, fungi, and animals. The industrial demand for new sources of lipase with different catalytic characteristics stimulates the isolation and selection of new strains. Different habitats such as dairy plants, industrial wastes, vegetable oil processing factories, and soil contaminated with oil and oil seeds are rich sources of lipase-producing bacteria. This review describes the properties and various industrial applications of microbial lipase and these applications make lipase the most extensively used enzyme in different industries through the application of bioprocess technology.